Stain-Grade Wood

Knotty Alder

Common Name: Red Alder

Latin Name: Alnus Rubra

Hardness: Soft

Knotty Alder is moderately light and ranges in color from white to tan and can have a pinkish-brown tinge. Knotty Alder has a rugged, knotty appearance. Knots vary in size and distribution – from tight, closed knots to split, open knots.

Select Alder

Common Name: Red Alder

Latin Name: Alnus Rubra

Hardness: Soft

Select Alder is moderately light and ranges in color from white to tan and can have a pinkish-brown tinge. Its straight-grained pattern is similar to Cherry. Select Alder has a fine, uniform texture.

Bamboo

Latin Name: Phyllostachys

Hardness: Medium

Various species. Bamboo veneers and plywoods are made from slats cut from the colms, or stalk, of bamboo plants. The slats are dried, planed, and graded for use as surface or substrate material. The dried slats are then glued edge-to-edge to form a single-ply panel. Bamboo plywood is made from two or more sheets of laminate glued together in a hydraulic press.

TruStile Reserve only

Birch

Common Name: Yellow birch

Latin Name: Betula alleghaniensis

Hardness: Hard

Natural yellow birch hardwoods are chosen for their dramatic color variation and usually smooth grain. Grain varies from a creamy color to a medium brown. Characteristics such as shiny burl wood, grain variation, small pin knots and mineral stains may also be present. Although similar in texture, birch is not recommended as an alternative to maple. Birch is relatively light in weight, but hard and strong with excellent shock resistance.

Cherry

Common Name: American Cherry

Latin Name: Prunus Serotina

Hardness: Hard

Cherry ranges in color from light to medium reddish-brown. Cherry has a smooth texture with a straight, fine grain pattern. Cherry may contain small dark gum spots which add interest to the grain. Cherry is especially sensitive to light and will darken and redden with exposure to light.

Douglas Fir

Common Name: Clear Vertical Grain

Latin Name: Pseudotsuga Menziesii

Hardness: Medium

Douglas Fir ranges in color from yellowish-tan to light brown. Douglas Fir has a straight grain pattern which may contain some waves or spirals. It has a medium to coarse texture.

Vertical grain

Hickory

Latin Name: Carya Glabra

Hardness: Hard

Hickory ranges in color from cream to pinkish-brown. Hickory has a slightly coarse texture with a straight to wavy grain pattern. Hickory is extremely tough and resilient.

LVL

Common Name: Laminated Veneer Lumber

Hardness: Medium

LVL is a product that uses multiple layers of thin wood assembled with adhesives. Made in a factory under controlled specifications, LVL is stronger, straighter, and more uniform than typical milled lumber.

TruStile Reserve only

Mahogany

Common Name: African Mahogany

Latin Name: Khaya Ivorensis

Hardness: Medium

Mahogany varies in color from light to medium dark reddish-brown. Mahogany has a medium texture with a straight to irregular grain pattern. Mahogany tends to lighten with age and exposure to sunlight.

Clear Pine

Common Name: Sugar Pine

Latin Name: Pinus Lambertiana

Hardness: Soft

Clear Pine is pale tan with hues of red and peach. Its grain is open and straight and it has a fine texture. Clear Pine may have some pin knots, but does not have as many knots as Knotty Pine. The species ambers (yellows) with time.

Poplar

Latin Name: Populus Balsamifera

Hardness: Soft

Poplar is light in color, but contains dramatic color variation and streaking. Poplar is smooth, but exhibits more grain texture than woods like Maple. Paint grade poplar is best suited for paint finishes.

Plain Sawn Red Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Rubra

Hardness: Hard

Red Oak varies in color from reddish-tan to medium brown. It has prominent, open grain patterns ranging from tight and vertical to arched or “cathedral.” Red Oak lacks the patterning and figuring found in White Oak. Red Oak has a medium to coarse texture.

Rift Sawn Red Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Rubra

Hardness: Hard

Red Oak varies in color from reddish-tan to medium brown and has a medium to coarse texture. Rift sawn red oak has a more uniform striped appearance than plain sawn red oak and mostly lacks the figuring and medullary rays found in quarter sawn red oak.

Walnut

Common Name: Black Walnut

Latin Name: Juglans Nigra

Hardness: Hard

Walnut is known for its distinctive color variation, from the nearly white sapwood to the heartwood that is deep, dark brown to purplish-black in color. It has a slightly coarse texture with mostly straight and open grain, but may have burls or waves. Walnut produces a greater variety of figure types than other species.

Wenge

Latin Name: Millettia Laurentii

Hardness: Hard

Wenge is a tropical timber, very dark in color with a distinctive figure and a strong partridge wood pattern. The wood’s distinctive color is standardized as a "wenge" color in many systems.

TruStile Reserve only. Quoted on a custom basis, check for availability.

White Maple

Common Name: Sugar Maple

Latin Name: Acer Saccharum

Hardness: Hard

White Maple is near white in color with a trace of reddish-brown. It has a smooth texture with a straight to wavy grain pattern. White Maple may contain dark mineral streaks which are caused by mineral absorption from the soil.

Prone to checking and cracking in dry environments

Plain Sawn White Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Alba

Hardness: Hard

Plain sawn white oak is a dense hardwood that varies in color from light grayish-tan to brown. The grain sometimes shows cathedralling like that found in plain sawn red oak, but typically it is not as pronounced. Occasionally medullary rays may occur.

Quarter Sawn White Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Alba

Hardness: Hard

Quarter sawn white oak is a dense hardwood that varies in color from light grayish-tan to brown. It is mostly straight-grained, but can also include medullary rays that run perpendicular to the grain (often referred to as ray fleck, fleck or figure). Ray fleck can occur randomly within a veneer and its prevalence and placement can vary dramatically both within a door and across doors within a house package.

Rift Sawn White Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Alba

Hardness: Hard

Rift sawn white oak is a dense hardwood that varies in color from light grayish-tan to brown. It is mostly straight-grained, but can occasionally include some medullary rays (though not as pronounced as quarter sawn white oak). A typically even grain pattern and the ability to take stains well make rift sawn white oak a popular option for modern door styles.

Wire Brushed Douglas Fir

Latin Name: Pseudotsuga Menziesii

Hardness: Medium

Same characteristics as Douglas Fir. Wirebrushing removes soft areas from the surface of the wood, giving a raised appearance to the remaining (harder) wood. This treatment enhances the wood grain and gives a distinct dimensional quality to the surface.

TruStile Reserve only. Vertical grain.

Wire-Brushed Clear Pine

Common Name: Sugar Pine

Latin Name: Pinus Lambertiana

Hardness: Soft

Same characteristics as Clear Pine. Wirebrushing removes soft areas from the surface of the wood, giving a raised appearance to the remaining (harder) wood. This treatment enhances the wood grain and gives a distinct dimensional quality to the surface.

TruStile Reserve only.

Wire-Brushed Red Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Rubra

Hardness: Hard

Same characteristics as Red Oak. Wirebrushing removes soft areas from the surface of the wood, giving a raised appearance to the remaining (harder) wood. This treatment enhances the wood grain and gives a distinct dimensional quality to the surface.

TruStile Reserve only. Plain sawn only.

Wire-Brushed White Oak

Latin Name: Querqus Alba

Hardness: Hard

Same characteristics as White Oak. Wirebrushing removes soft areas from the surface of the wood, giving a raised appearance to the remaining (harder) wood. This treatment enhances the wood grain and gives a distinct dimensional quality to the surface.

TruStile Reserve only. Plain sawn only.